Share via Email This article is over 8 years old Shaped like an eyelid in a halo of azure water, the tiny Indian Ocean island of Dhuvaafaru in the Maldives is a fresh-minted community that has been transplanted to the Raa atoll. Clinics, schools and roads have all been built from scratch. Its homes, all newly peopled, are the legacy of tragedy on a vast scale: Among them was Hussain Alifulhu, 48, one of the last to escape the island when the tsunami swamped his home.
Check new design of our homepage! This day shook the world, as the waters of the Indian Ocean wrecked havoc on the Asian subcontinent. We are referring to the Indian Ocean Tsunami that occurred inwhich permanently changed the fate of millions on the planet.
This article describes the horror that occurred on that day and tells you how and why it was caused. It is also our tribute to the departed. ScienceStruck Staff Last Updated: Apr 20, Do You Know? At least fourteen nations were the worst-affected, and the entire toll was pegged at more than 2,00, losses across these nations.
The country that suffered the worst death toll was Indonesia, and others like India, Thailand, and Sri Lanka too, suffered heavily. Warnings It is said that certain events that occurred before the Indian Ocean Tsunami should have been taken as serious warnings of an approaching natural calamity.
The Sumatra Earthquake that occurred in is believed to be a fore-shock of the actual disaster. The Indian Ocean Tsunami that occurred in is considered as one of the deadliest natural disasters in history, on the basis of the destruction and human casualties.
It was caused by an undersea mega-thrust earthquake called the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake, which measured about 9. It was also the third-largest earthquake in recorded history on our planet. The disaster started with the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate beneath the Myanmar plate, resulting into the deadly earthquake with its epicenter being near Indonesia.
As the thrusting took place, an enormous volume of sea water was displaced and as it neared the shoreline of various countries, the tsunami waves reached a height of more than 30 feet. Read the following sections to gain more information about the Indian Ocean Tsunami.
The image given above illustrates the formation of a tsunami after an earthquake takes place under the ocean bed. In case of the Tsunami, a megathrust earthquake took place due to subduction, which actually caused a part of seabed to be lifted.
The resulting fracturing was so large that an enormous amount of water was displaced and small waves started rippling out from above the epicenter. These waves had a low amplitude but high frequency and hence traveled at great speeds. On coming close to the shores of Southeast Asian countries, and the coast of India and Sri Lanka, these waves experienced a decrease in their speed, but at the same time, their amplitude increased.
At the time the tsunami crashed, the average height of the waves was more than 10 meters. When the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake occurred, the vibrations were such, that a tremendous amount of energy was released.
At least USD 14 billion in terms of the dollar value were donated from around the world for relief and aid. The tsunami completely destroyed coastal areas of the nearby and neighboring countries.
The energy released by this disaster was equivalent to about 1.
26th December, This day shook the world, as the waters of the Indian Ocean wrecked havoc on the Asian subcontinent. We are referring to the Indian Ocean Tsunami that occurred in , which permanently changed the fate of millions on the planet. The Boxing Day tsunami in is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more than , people across 14 countries. It began at am local time on December 26, , when a. The Boxing Day sea surge was triggered when an earthquake caused the sea floor to jolt vertically by about 10m (33ft), which displaced hundreds of cubic kilometres of water. The resulting waves travelled at speeds of up to km/h (mph).
Considering the tsunami that occurred just after the earthquake, the waves reached as far as the eastern coast of Africa, where some casualties were reported. Pictures of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, This slideshow includes images that depict the intensity of damage caused both physical and emotionalalong with the extensive relief efforts taken, and also includes some tsunami memorials.
Recovering was difficult and so was getting on with life. The raging waves of the Tsunami took the lives of many.
Many were killed, many lost their loved ones, so many were left homeless, and many more were left in grief. In just a few seconds, so much was lost. The ones who survived were left with only tears and the memories of their loved ones. It has been a decade since the Asiatic subcontinent bore the brunt of a deadly earthquake and the resulting tsunami that destroyed several miles of coastal areas, robbing all living creatures of their livelihood and peaceful existence.
Houses damaged or ripped apart, sea water intrusions several kilometers inland, destroyed trees and landscape elements, lives lost, property destroyed So many have died that the exact number is still not known, and some of the missing ones have still not been found.
After losing so much, how does one live?Acehnese women cry as they pray at mass grave to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the Boxing Day tsunami on December 26, in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Survivors of Asia's tsunami . A scene of devastation is seen in the tsunami hit Indonesian City of Banda Aceh Getty. It has been 10 years since the Indian Ocean tsunami and earthquake devastated parts of Indonesia Sri. Dec 19, · Boxing Day tsunami facts On the tenth anniversary of the disaster, Raziye Akkoc sifts through the numbers to explain the impact of the disaster and how the world responded.
The Boxing Day sea surge was triggered when an earthquake caused the sea floor to jolt vertically by about 10m (33ft), which displaced hundreds of cubic kilometres of water. The resulting waves travelled at speeds of up to km/h (mph). As is typical in a subduction zone earthquake, on Boxing Day the seafloor rose near the plate boundary and subsided – kilometres landward of the boundary (see figure 1 of the September article).
The December 26, Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23, Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. The epicenter of the magnitude quake was located in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of Sumatra.