Process overview[ edit ] The requirements necessary to begin the process of international adoption can vary depending on the country of the adoptive parent s.
Homosexuality in ancient Egypt It remains unclear, what exact view the ancient Egyptians fostered about homosexuality. Any document and literature that actually contains sexual orientated stories, never name the nature of the sexual deeds, but instead uses stilted and flowery paraphrases.
Ancient Egyptian documents never clearly say that same-sex relationships were seen as reprehensible or despicable.
No ancient Egyptian document mentions that homosexual acts were set under penalty. Thus, a straight evaluation remains problematic. The best known case of possible homosexuality in ancient Egypt is that of the two Adoption rights for homosexuals officials Nyankh-Khnum and Khnum-hotep.
Both men lived and served under pharaoh Niuserre during the 5th Dynasty c. In this mastaba, several paintings depict both men embracing each other and touching their faces nose-on-nose.
These depictions leave plenty of room for speculation, because in ancient Egypt the nose-on-nose touching normally represented a kiss. Some scholars believe that the paintings reflect an example of homosexuality between two married men and prove that the ancient Egyptians accepted same-sex relationships.
No matter what interpretation is correct, the paintings show at the very least that Nyankh-khnum and Khnum-hotep must have been very close to each other in life as in death. Arabic poetry emerging from cosmopolitan and literate societies frequently described the pleasures of pederastic relationships.
There are accounts of Christian boys being sent from Europe to become sex workers in Egypt. In Cairo, cross-dressing men called " khawal " would entertain audiences with song and dance potentially of pre-Islamic origin.
A group of warriors in this area were known for paying reverse dowries to younger men; a practice that was outlawed in the s. Transvestitic homosexuality also existed amongst the MoruNyima, and Tira peopleand reported marriages of Korongo londo and Mesakin tubele for the bride price of one goat.
In the Korongo and Mesakin tribes, Nadel reported a common reluctance among men to abandon the pleasure of all-male camp life for the fetters of permanent settlement. East Africa[ edit ] Gender-nonconforming homosexuality not tied to possession cults has been reported in a number of East African societies.
In pre-colonial East Africa there have been examples of male priests in traditional religions dressing as women. Such men were known as "ikihindu" among the Hutu and Tutsi peoples of Burundi and Rwanda.
The Nandi as well as the Maasai would sometimes cross-dress as women during initiation ceremonies. Among the Maale people of southern Ethiopia, Donald Donham documented "a small minority [of men] crossed over to feminine roles.
Called "ashtime", these biological males dressed like women, performed female tasks, cared for their own houses, and apparently had sexual relations with men,". They were also protected by the king.
Albeit not as commonly, it also occurs among the Galla and Somali. Similarly, the kingdom of Buganda part of modern-day Uganda institutionalised certain forms of same-sex relations. Young men served in the royal courts and provided sexual services for visitors and elites.
King Mwanga had several such pages executed when they converted to Christianity and refused to carry out their assigned duties the " Uganda Martyrs ". West Africa[ edit ] In West Africa there is extensive historical evidence of homosexuality.The notion of sexual inversion continued to dominate medical thinking about homosexuality into the twentieth century as biomedical researchers employed the latest techniques to uncover its biological basis.
The notion of sexual inversion continued to dominate medical thinking about homosexuality into the twentieth century as biomedical researchers employed the latest techniques to .
Fact Sheet: Overview of Lesbian and Gay Parenting, Adoption, and Foster Care. The last decade has seen a sharp rise in the number of lesbians and gay men forming their own families through adoption, foster care, artificial insemination and other means. Discrimination of Gays and Lesbians: A Social Justice Perspective Christopher W.
Blackwell, ARNP, MSN Janice L. Ricks, LCSW, ACSW Sophia F. Dziegielewski, PhD, LCSW. Discrimination of Gays and Lesbians: A Social Justice Perspective Christopher W. Blackwell, ARNP, MSN Janice L.
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