How to Become an Electrical or Electronics Engineer About this section Becoming an electrical or electronics engineer involves the study of math and engineering. Employers also value practical experience, such as internships or participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience.
Wired communication Wired communications make use of underground communications cables less often, overhead lineselectronic signal amplifiers repeaters inserted into connecting cables at specified points, and terminal apparatus of various types, depending on the type of wired communications used.
Wireless Wireless communication involves the transmission of information over a distance without help of wires, cables or any other forms of electrical conductors.
The term is commonly used in the telecommunications industry to refer to telecommunications systems e. Network engineer[ edit ] A network engineer is a computer engineer who is in charge of designing, deploying and maintaining computer networks.
In addition, they oversee network operations from a network operations centerdesigns backbone infrastructure, or supervises interconnections in a data center.
Central-office engineer[ edit ] Typical Northern Telecom DMS Telephone Central Office Installation A central-office engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the implementation of telecommunications equipment in a central office CO for shortalso referred to as a wire center or telephone exchange  A CO engineer is responsible for integrating new technology into the existing network, assigning the equipment's location in the wire center, and providing power, clocking for digital equipmentand alarm monitoring facilities for the new equipment.
The CO engineer is also responsible for providing more power, clocking, and alarm monitoring facilities if there are currently not enough available to support the new equipment being installed.
Finally, the CO engineer is responsible for designing how the massive amounts of cable will be distributed to various equipment and wiring frames throughout the wire center and overseeing the installation and turn up of all new equipment. Sub-roles[ edit ] As structural engineersCO engineers are responsible for the structural design and placement of racking and bays for the equipment to be installed in as well as for the plant to be placed on.
As electrical engineersCO engineers are responsible for the resistancecapacitanceand inductance RCL design of all new plant to ensure telephone service is clear and crisp and data service is clean as well as reliable.
Attenuation or gradual loss in intensity[ citation needed ] and loop loss calculations are required to determine cable length and size required to provide the service called for.
In addition, power requirements have to be calculated and provided to power any electronic equipment being placed in the wire center.
Overall, CO engineers have seen new challenges emerging in the CO environment.
With the advent of Data Centers, Internet Protocol IP facilities, cellular radio sites, and other emerging-technology equipment environments within telecommunication networks, it is important that a consistent set of established practices or requirements be implemented.
Installation suppliers or their sub-contractors are expected to provide requirements with their products, features, or services. These services might be associated with the installation of new or expanded equipment, as well as the removal of existing equipment.
Regulations and safety in installation Removal of hazardous material Outside-plant engineer[ edit ] Engineers working on a cross-connect box, also known as a serving area interface Outside plant OSP engineers are also often called field engineers because they frequently spend much time in the field taking notes about the civil environment, aerial, above ground, and below ground.
If a distribution point design is used, then a cross-connect box is placed in a strategic location to feed a determined distribution area.
The cross-connect box, also known as a serving area interfaceis then installed to allow connections to be made more easily from the wire center to the destination point and ties up fewer facilities by not having dedication facilities from the wire center to every destination point.
The plant is then taken directly to its destination point or to another small closure called a terminal, where access can also be gained to the plant if necessary. These access points are preferred as they allow faster repair times for customers and save telephone operating companies large amounts of money.
The plant facilities can be delivered via underground facilities, either direct buried or through conduit or in some cases laid under water, via aerial facilities such as telephone or power poles, or via microwave radio signals for long distances where either of the other two methods is too costly.
Sub-roles[ edit ] Engineer OSP climbing a telephone pole As structural engineersOSP engineers are responsible for the structural design and placement of cellular towers and telephone poles as well as calculating pole capabilities of existing telephone or power poles onto which new plant is being added.
Structural calculations are required when boring under heavy traffic areas such as highways or when attaching to other structures such as bridges.
Shoring also has to be taken into consideration for larger trenches or pits. Conduit structures often include encasements of slurry that needs to be designed to support the structure and withstand the environment around it soil type, high traffic areas, etc.
As electrical engineersOSP engineers are responsible for the resistance, capacitance, and inductance RCL design of all new plant to ensure telephone service is clear and crisp and data service is clean as well as reliable.
In addition power requirements have to be calculated and provided to power any electronic equipment being placed in the field. Ground potential has to be taken into consideration when placing equipment, facilities, and plant in the field to account for lightning strikes, high voltage intercept from improperly grounded or broken power company facilities, and from various sources of electromagnetic interference.
As civil engineersOSP engineers are responsible for drafting plans, either by hand or using Computer-aided design CAD software, for how telecom plant facilities will be placed. Often when working with municipalities trenching or boring permits are required and drawings must be made for these.
As civil engineers, telecom engineers provide the modern communications backbone for all technological communications distributed throughout civilizations today. Unique to telecom engineering is the use of air-core cable which requires an extensive network of air handling equipment such as compressors, manifolds, regulators and hundreds of miles of air pipe per system that connects to pressurized splice cases all designed to pressurize this special form of copper cable to keep moisture out and provide a clean signal to the customer.
As political and social ambassadorthe OSP engineer is a telephone operating company's face and voice to the local authorities and other utilities. OSP engineers often meet with municipalities, construction companies and other utility companies to address their concerns and educate them about how the telephone utility works and operates.ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING - ONLINE COURSES.
Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering is the Branch of Engineering. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering field requires an understanding of core areas including Network Analysis and Synthesis, Analog Electronic Circuits, Antenna and propagation, Control System, Digital Communication, .
This objective statement emphasizes the principle difference between electronics and telecommunication engineering (E&TE) and electronics engineering: E&TE focuses on the theory and design of hardware for telecommunication systems, while electronics engineers are trained with a broader focus with respect to electronic devices and systems.
Electrical and electronics engineers work in industries including research and development, engineering services, manufacturing, telecommunications, and the federal government.
Electrical and electronics engineers generally work indoors in On-the-job training: None. What is the difference between Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering?
Update Cancel. and DSP so on and communication includes small distance communication, modulation of the signal. In Electronics & telecommunication engineering, it includes all the electronics . Electronic communications engineering is the utilization of science and math applied to practical problems in the field of communications.
Electronic communications engineers engage in research. The official website of the Department of Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering, the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka.