September Remember the essays you had to write in high school?
Ernest Renan What is a nation? Ernest Renan was an important French theorist who wrote about a variety of topics. His famous essay " What is a Nation?
It continues to be an important influence on scholars. One can see Renan's influence in the scholarship of people like Benedict Anderson.
A nation is a soul, a spiritual principle. Two things, which in truth are but one, constitute this soul or spiritual principle.
One lies in the past, one in the present. One is the possession in common of a rich legacy of memories; the other is present- day consent, the desire to live together, the will to perpetuate the value of the heritage that one has received in an undivided form.
Man, Gentlemen, does not improvise. The nation, like the individual, is the culmination of a long past of endeavours, sacrifice, and devotion. Of all cults, that of the ancestors is the most legitimate, for the ancestors have made us what we are. A heroic past, great men, glory by which I understand genuine glorythis is the social capital upon which one bases a national idea.
To have common glories in the past and to have a common will in the present; to have performed great deeds together, to wish to perform still more-these are the essential conditions for being a people.
One loves in proportion to the sacrifices to which one has consented, and in proportion to the ills that one has suffered.
One loves the house that one has built and that one has handed down. The Spartan song-"We are what you were; we will be what you are" -- is, in its simplicity, the abridged hymn of every patrie.
More valuable by far than common customs posts and frontiers conforming to strategic ideas is the fact of sharing, in the past, a glorious heritage and regrets, and of having, in the future, [a shared] programme to put into effect, or the fact of having suffered, enjoyed, and hoped together.
These are the kinds of things that can be understood in spite of differences of race and language. I spoke just now of "having suffered together" and, indeed, suffering in common unifies more than joy does.
Where national memories are concerned, griefs are of more value than triumphs, for they impose duties, and require a common effort. A nation is therefore a large-scale solidarity, constituted by the feeling of the sacrifices that one has made in the past and of those that one is prepared to make in the future.
It presupposes a past; it is summarized, however, in the present by a tangible fact, namely, consent, the clearly expressed desire to continue a common life. A nation's existence is, if you will pardon the metaphor, a daily plebiscite, just as an individual's existence is a perpetual affirmation of life.
That, I know full well, is less metaphysical than divine right and less brutal than so called historical right.Translate Do. See 36 authoritative translations of Do in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations.
ESSAY (English to English translation). Translate ESSAY to English online and download now our free translation software to use at any time.
Translation; Traductor; spanish to english translation french to english translation english to german translation. Oxford Dictionary Merriam Webster Dictionary Encyclopaedia Britannica. In one essay, he turns his fire on the prim consensus that political partisanship is a bad thing.
Times, Sunday Times () It is said that students need to be reminded to go to lectures and write essays. French and Italian Dictionaries. WordReference has two of its own dictionaries plus those of Collins. The French dictionary has over , translations and the Italian dictionary has nearly , These dictionaries continue to grow and improve as well.
essay - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. to make an essay at doing [sth]: essayer de faire [qch], tenter de faire [qch] loc v locution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe.
Ex: "faire référence à" Patrick's essay at painting the sunset was a complete disaster.