Mr Tranter asked what they would do about the long, drawn-out and evasive process followed by DHB staff which led to them making a totally wrong judgement on what was a very simple OIA question. The farcical nature of the OIA process is further highlighted by the fact that four weeks later the DHB solicitor Greg Brogden has not responded to those questions, Mr.
Rhynchocyon petersi adersi iii The ongoing conservation initiative For the purpose of saving the last remaining biological resources of KPFR, a small project to support the process was initiated with the following objectives: These process are accentuated by among others, break down of indigenous land tenure and management system, increasing urban and tourist demand for resources and lack of local level resources policies and plans.
The gazetted area is recoded as ha. The reserve is surrounded by the agricultural land Salim et al, Mangroves grow on the intertidal seashores in the southern part of the reserve. Mangrove species include Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Heritiera litoralis and Xylocarpus granatum.
Like Jozani forest in Unguja Island, Ngezi forest is rich in valuable species of flora and fauna for both economic and conservation purposes.
Salim et al,highlights species found in Ngezi forest as follows: Other species which that are very important and are threatened include: Cercopitherrus species vervet monkey Cephalophus monticola pembae Pemba blue duikersand Otus pembae Pemba scops owl Salim et al Care described Ngezi forest to possesses unique vegetation types, which support wildlife species of both national and international significance, and that, it forms part of the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests Biodiversity Hotspot, one of the planets 25 most diverse, but threatened ecosystems 4.
Like many forest patches of Zanzibar, Ngezi is facing threats of being degraded. According to CAREthe threats are accelerated by low technical knowhow for both farmers and the government staff who are supposed to facilitate promotion of improved farming.
The outcome of low agricultural production and lack of other alternative sources of livelihood is not only deterioration of Ngezi-Vumawimbi biodiversity through encroachment by the community, but has created a vicious cycle of poverty manifested by unhealthy human labour practices, child malnutrition, poor school attendance and rural-urban migration.
These potential tourism developments offer the local communities an alternative source of income in terms of employment and increased markets for local produce. They also represent a potential environmental problem if the development scheme are not properly controlled CARE, Usually the program aims at encouraging effective management of the natural resources within Ngezi-Vumawimbi whilst enhancing the livelihoods of the local communities through achieved through capacity building, good governance, and establishment of income generation activities.
The long-term goal of the program is to ensure the continued existence of the globally significant ecosystems contained within Ngezi-Vumawimbi in a participatory, sustainable manner, whilst at the same time raising the livelihood assets of the 11, inhabitants within the ten communities surrounding Ngezi-Vumawimbi forest.
This will be achieved through a mixture of capacity building in the areas of natural resource management, good governance and improved income generation activities.
The Biodiversity richness in state islands is in danger of being eradicated due to agriculture land expansion, construction, annual fires and Introduction of new species new to coastal islands environments. Introduces species are responsible of other species, especially on small islands.
In his book "The Diversity of Life," Wilson suggested that, "It is reckless to suppose that biodiversity can be diminished indefinitely without threatening humanity itself. When a large number of species perform various functions, an ecosystem is more stable.
The fewer species there are filling certain niches, the more unstable the environment becomes. Humans have always depended on the Earth's biodiversity for food, shelter, and health. Biodiversity also supplies indirect services to humans, which include drinkable water, clean air, and fertile soils.
The fragility of forest biodiversity and ecosystems of Zanzibar Island are not quite different to many East African islands, Tanzania in particular. Biodiversity is reduced by these invasive plants through replacement of diverse systems with a single species stand.
In a nutrient-poor ecosystem, the changes induced by the alien species may facilitate aggressive plants to dominate those that are adapted to nutrient-poor soils. For example, Wattles Acacia mearnsii is rapidly invading grassland areas such as Nyanga in eastern Zimbabwe.
Some alien plants create unfavorable soil conditions, which may prevent native vegetation from establishing. For example, Gmelina aborea snapldragon tree common in Malawi makes the soil too acidic for the growth of many other plants iii Alien species can also interfere with native species by altering an ecosystems hydrology.
This can be in the form of decreasing or increasing surface run-off, depending on their height and canopy. They also alter the rate of evapo-transpiration, affecting the water table.
For example Gum trees have a bad reputation in South Africa for lowering the water table. While it may be argued that newly introduced species lack local pets, this advantage is lost when local pets adapt to the new host or when there is an invasion by an exotic pest species.
This can be illustrated by the devastation throughout southern Africa to such trees as Cupressus lusitanica Mexican cypress and Pinus patula hang-leaf pineby the Cinara cupressii cypress aphidand the Pinus pini pine woolly aphidrespectively. Similarly, Pinus radiate has suffered heavy damage from Dothistroma blight.
Indigenous trees may not totally escape pest attack, but the risk is less 4.There was an intriguing, and yet startling, report in the news recently about two teenagers who died when they decided that drinking a mixture of racing fuel and Mountain Dew was a great way to get high.
The notion that all racing fuels contained only pure ethanol was a lethal mistake and became their death. On Increasing Fuel Efficiency by Operator Assistance Systems in a Wheel Loader 1. Abstract: The main focus of this paper is to estimate the potential increase in fuel efficiency and productivity by means of an operator assistant system, in a wheel loader working in a bucket application in a production chain.
Potential misuses of the data can,readily be cited. are ascribed to the powerplant activity and not'pfmlures.com site.o.f the process which uses the electricity as ancillary fuel.
permits the calculation of national energy flows and the impacts of such flows on resource consumption, pollutant e . Land use and misuse in the uk. Land use and misuse. The United Kingdom has about 24 million hectors of land.
million hectors go in to agriculture 7 million hectors go in to housing uilding, quarrying and waste disposal are some of the human activities that account for the rest of the land.
ach year quarrying produces about million tonnes of gravel, limestone, sand and sandstone for concrete and other . The forecast for further energy consumption growth in this sector.4% Figure 44 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel.
and at what level AAGR: 0. Historical changes in energy misuses (i.e. pollution) and consumption (oil reserves) have resulted in increased concern regarding the search and use for alternate and/or renewable energy worldwide.