Looking Through Their Eyes: Teaching Suggestions for Visually Impaired Students written by:
What do you do? In late AugustI found myself in this situation. This essay is intended to enable someone in a similar situation to save some time in investigating available technology and in devising methodology. It will focus on teaching blind students, but resources for the visually impaired in general are also included.
A reasonable accommodation is a modification to a non-essential aspect of a course, program, service or facility which does not pose and [sic] undue burden and which enables a qualified student with a disability to have adequate opportunity to participate and to demonstrate his or her ability.
My university did not do this, but it did provide excellent peer tutors and guides. Hardware, software, Brailled textbooks and scores need to be ordered ahead of time, tutors need to be found, and teaching aids may need to be constructed. I have found that the more one can think through what the student needs and the best method for providing it, the more successful Teaching music to visually impaired students teaching experience will be.
Whether or not the student comes armed with the latest technology, the teacher should be ready to spend extra time, either preparing class materials or working together one-on-one. Our Academic Resource Center also did not have the experience to help me with any specific music-related accommodations.
I had sent a message to the SMT-talk discussion group that expressed my predicament: Somehow I need to find ways to do written and aural skills with her.
Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Many responses advised me about types of available resources, and about issues that might arise.
Dictation  At first, I gave dictation quizzes to my blind student privately or had her tutor administer them, since she did not have a laptop or other electronic note taker see Figure 2 to use in class. Had I known about it at the time, a slate and stylus Figure 1, item 1 could have worked as well.
I would play the examples, she would tell me the answers, and I would notate them. After she acquired her laptop, we worked out a method by which she took the quizzes with the rest of the class. She does not read Braille music notation, 4 so we used a system by which she notated the pitches and rhythms separately in two different lines.
Here is an example of a melodic dictation passage: Part-writing and other Written Exercises  My student did have some piano training, and so was able to compose and play partwriting exercises, which her theory tutor, a music therapy major, wrote down.
A student who can read Braille music can work independently. The software options in Figure 3 that translate between Finale and Sibelius and Braille music enable students to receive assignments from the teacher, and return them in print or electronic format.
This can work for exams as well. Analysis  Analytical activities were done with my student in private meetings. I would play the music on the piano or from a recording, and the student would tell me her analysis, which I notated.
This required playing works in short chunks, the length of which were determined by trial and error. In class, I made sure to name all notes and chords carefully whenever working at the board and playing examples.How to Teach Music to Visually Impaired Children.
by GAIL SESSOMS June 13, Gail Sessoms. Purchase or obtain access to music technology for blind students. Blind musicians use computer software for scanning sheet music, transcribing and print-to-Braille conversion.
Use technology like audio software, screen readers, speech synthesizers.
By: Carmen Willings pfmlures.com Music class is a preferred activity for many students who are blind and visually impaired, but it shouldn't be assumed that all students that are blind will be musicians or be uniquely gifted in this area.
Teaching Strategies Blind or Visually Impaired Students. College requires enormous amounts of reading, and this is perhaps the single largest barrier for students who are blind or visually impaired. Strategies for Teaching Music to Visually Impaired Students Sean M.
Rybak Kent State University Abstract The purpose of this study was to research successful strategies for teaching music to mainstreamed students who are visually impaired. Teaching Strategies for Vision Impaired Students Introduction There is a range of inclusive teaching strategies that can assist all students to learn but there are some specific strategies that are useful in teaching a group which includes students with visual impairments.
Visually impaired students oftentimes struggle in the mainstreamed classroom due to lack of options and learning tools that will help them succeed.
Adapt your classroom to meet their needs and provide aids for them to use. Ideas for how to teach visually impaired students should include large print texts and media, using bolder color schemes, offering closer seating, and providing special.